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北京地区专升本英语试题

2006-07-07 13:53  265考试网 【 】【我要纠错

  Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  A youngster's social development has a profound effect on his academic progress Kids who have trouble getting along with their classmates can end up behind academically as well and have a higher chance of dropping out (退学)。 In the early grades especially, experts say,  youngsters should be encouraged to work in groups rather than individually so that teachers can spot children who may be having problems making friends “When children work on a project”, says Lillian Kate, an educational professor at the University &Illinois, “they learn to work together, to disagree, to think, to take turns and lighten tensions These skills can't be learned through lecture We all know people who have wonderful technical skills but don't have any social skills Relationships should be the first R”。

  At a certain age, children are also learning to judge themselves in relation to others. For most children, school marks the first time that their goals are not set by an internal clock but by the outside world Just as the 1-year-old struggling to walk the 6-year-old is struggling to meet adult expectations “Young kids don't know how to distinguish early-childhood education for the state of New Jersey, ”(76) if they try hard to do something and fail. they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a particular task“。 ”The effects of serious“, says Hills, ”a child who has had his confidence really damaged needs a rescue operation“。

  1. The author seems to think that a kid‘s poor relationship with his classmates would .

  A. have negative effects on his study

  B. develop his individualism but limit his intelligence

  C. eventually lead to his leaving school

  D. have nothing to do with his achievements in a course

  2. In the first paragraph, the word spot means .

  A. teach B. help C. find D. treat

  3. For most children, school makes them understand .

  A. that it is society rather than individual that decides one‘s future

  B. that they can meet the social needs

  C. that one‘s effort and one’s ability can be two quite different matters

  D. that social needs and individual needs have nothing in common

  4. Which of the following is most unlikely for the author to do?

  A. To talk to the students who have mental problems.

  B. To help students develop a feeling of self-respect.

  C. To keep a student from playing alone.

  D. To announce a student‘s scores in public.

  5. Which of the following is the major concern of the passage about a student‘s needs?

  A. Individualism and cooperation.

  B. Academic success and independent thinking.

  C. Socialization and feeling of competence.

  D. Intelligence and respect.

  Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  If the Europeans thought a drought -a long period of dry weather-was something that happened only in Africa,  they know better now. After four years of below ? normal rainfall (in some cases only 10 percent of annual average),  vast areas of France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Britain and Ireland are dry and barren (贫瘠)。(77)  Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. Oyster (牡蛎) grows in Brittany report a 30 percent drop in production because of the loss of fresh water in local rivers necessary for oyster breeding. In southeastern England, the rolling green hills of Kent have turned so brown that officials have been weighing plans to pipe in water from Wales. In Portugal, farmers in the southern Alentejo region have held prayer meeting for rain?so far, in vain.

  (78) Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. In Britain, water will soon be metered, like gas and electricity, “The English have always taken water for granted,” says Graham Warren, a spokesman of Britain‘s National Rivers Authority. “Now they’re putting a price on it.” Even a sudden end to the drought would not end the misery in some areas. It will take several years of unusually heavy winter rain, the experts say, just to bring existing water reserves up to their normal levels.

  6. What does the author mean by saying “they know better now?”

  A. They know more about the causes of the drought.

  B. They have a better understanding of the drought in Africa.

  C. They have realized that the drought in Europe is the most serious one.

  D. They have realized that droughts hit not only Africa but also Europe.

  7. The drought in Europe has brought about all the following problems except .

  A. below-normal rainfall                         B. difficult navigation

  C. a sharp drop in oyster harvest             D. bone-dry hills

  8. The British government intends to .

  A. forbid the car-washing service                  B. increase the price of the water used

  C. end the misery caused by the drought      D. charge fees for the use of the water

  9. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. Germany is the only country free from the drought

  B. Water reserves are at their lowest level in years due to drought

  C. The drought is more serious in Britain than in France

  D. Europe will not have heavy rain until several years later.

  10. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?

  A. Europe in Misery                    B. Drought Attacks Europe

  C. Be Economical With Water       D. Europe, a Would-be Africa

  Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  How can we get rid of garbage(垃圾)? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?

  These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source, and at the time it can save the land to hold garbage.

  For a long time, people buried garbage or dumped(倾倒) it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. However,  garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal,  petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil (化石)fuels. As we use up our fossil-fuel supplies,  we might be able to use garbage as an energy source.

  (79) Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris, France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the cities garbage each year. The amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half million barrels of oil.

  (80) Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount if garbage piling up on the earth.

  11. What two problems can man solve by burning garbage?

  A. The shortage of energy and air pollution.

  B. The shortage of energy and the land to hold garbage.

  C. Air pollution and the shortage of fossil fuel.

  D. Air pollution and the shortage of land to hold garbage.

  12. Which of the following is NOT the result of burning garbage?

  A. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels.      B. The heat produced is used to boil water.

  C. The steam produced is used to make electricity      D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.

  13. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

  A. About 2 million metric tons of garbage is burned in France each year.

  B. In a modern society, more and more garbage is produced each year.

  C. Using garbage is a good way to solve the problem of energy shortage.

  D. It will be too expensive to use garbage as an energy source.

  14. What is the author‘s attitude?

  A. Delighted             B. Sad             C. Agreeing       D. Disagreeing

  15. The best title for the passage may be .

  A. Garbage and the Earth            B. Fossil Fuel and Garbage

  C. Land and Garbage                  D. Garbage ? Energy Source

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%)

  16. It is from my grandparents        I learned a lot.

  A. who       B. whom       C. that       D. which

  17. The writer has published many books,        are well received by the readers.

  A. none of whom  B. all of which  C. neither of who  D. one of which

  18. Classes         , the students left for home without delay.

  A. were over       B. being over       C. are over       D. over

  19. This is the dictionary         I depend a lot whenever I have problems with new words.

  A. with which B. in which C. on which D. for which

  20. Over ten people died and twenty people were        wounded in the train crash.

  A. horribly       B. wrongly       C. bitterly       D. seriously

  21. Do you think Tommy is        the truth?

  A. saying       B. speaking             C. telling       D. talking

  22. It is so hot. You should put the food into the refrigerator now. otherwise, it will       soon.

  A. harm       B. hurt       C. spoil       D. damage

  23. Don‘t forget to write to me,       ?

  A. will you       B. didn‘t you       C. are you       D. don’t you

  24. It is important to remember the saying that        is better than cure.

  A. prevention      B. promotion       C. permission       D. proportion

  25. Winning or losing is temporary, but friendship          .

  A. expects       B. lives       C. remains       D. lasts

  26. Peter, whom everyone suspected,          to be innocent.

  A. turned out       B. turned off       C. turned up       D. turned over

  27. Isn‘t that        they call peace and friendship?

  A. which       B. this       C. what       D. where

  28. So        is the weather in England that by lunchtime there could be thunder and lightening.

  A. various       B. varies       C. variable       D. variation

  29. All the arrangements should have been completed prior        our departure.

  A. in       B. to       C. by       D. before

  30. I must tell you how          a letter from you.

  A. pleased I was to receive       B. pleased I was to receiving

  C. was I pleased to receive       D. pleased I was receiving

  31. I am considering          my job as I‘m not getting on well with my boss.

  A. changing       B. to change       C. changed       D. to be changed

  32.         the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business.

  A. If he took       B. If he should take       C. Were he to take       D. Had he taken

  33. John,        the bet, had to pay for the dinner.

  A. lost       B. having lost       C. losing       D. having loss

  34. Do not trust such men          often like to praise you to your face.

  A. who       B. that       C. as       D. they

  35. We have a desperate need         practice strict economy in every department.

  A. to       B. of       C. for       D. about

  36. But for my classmates‘ help, I        the work in time.

  A. did not finish       B. could not finish       C. will not finish       D. would not have finished

  37.          is known to us all, the earth moves around the sun.

  A. Because       B. For       C. So       D. As

  38. With the flowers         everywhere, the park looks beautiful.

  A. to bloom       B. blooming       C. be blooming       D. to be blooming

  39. The shortage of energy is getting worse. It         an immediate solution.

  A. calls off       B. calls up       C. calls for       D. calls at

  40. The teacher spoke so fast that it was hard for the students to          what he was saying.

  A. take in       B. take out       C. take up       D. take over

  41. Some pop singers have much influence         the young people.

  A. to       B. for       C. onto       D. on

  42. The doctor advised her that she         enough rest before going back to work.

  A. to get       B. get       C. gets       D. got

  43. I think I will do it myself         asking him for help.

  A. rather than       B. other than       C. instead of       D. in place of

  44. No sooner had she entered the house         the telephone rang.

  A. when       B. than       C. as       D. while

  45. Mary said to me, “Had I seen your bag, I         it to you.”

  A. will return       B. must return       C. could return       D. would have returned

  Part III Identification (10%)

  46. Individual freedom does not in any sense mean that you can do what you like at your free-will.

  47. When we finally finished the tiring journey, we could not hardly move a step further.

  48. Arriving for the lecture early is better than to take the chance of being late.

  49. These part-time students expect to to offer some jobs on campus during the coming summer vacation.

  50. He was so excited after hearing the news and he could not fall asleep immediately.

  51. You will not able to pass the examination unless you work harder than you do now.

  52. Only when it started to rain he noticed that he had left his raincoat somewhere.

  53. The waste, according to the people there, has already found their way into the drinking water.

  54. If you try to learn too many things at a time you may get confusing.

  55. After his graduation from the university, he has worked in a famous computer company.

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  People used to say, “The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.” And “56 every successful man there‘s a woman.”

  “ 57 these saying mean the same thing. Men 58 the world, but their wives rule them.

  Most of the American women like 59 their husbands and 60 successful, 61 some of them want 62 for themselves. They want 63 jobs. When they work they want to be 64 Paid. They want to be as successful as 65 .

  The American women‘s liberation(解放) movement was started by women who don’t want to 66 successful men. They want to stand 67 men, with the same chance for success. They don‘t want to be told that certain jobs or offices are 68 to them. They refuse to work side by side with men who do the same work for 69 pay.

  A 70 woman must be 71 of being a woman and have confidence (自信) in 72 . If somebody says to her, “You‘ve come a long way, baby.” She’ll smile and answer, “Not nearly as 73 as I‘m going to go, baby!”

  This movement is quite new, and 74 American women do not agree. But it has already made some important changes in women‘s 75 and in men’s lives, too.

  56. A. Behind             B. Beside            C. Before             D. Under

  57. A. Neither             B. All                   C. Both             D. Either

  58. A. manage             B. have             C. control             D. rule

  59. A. forcing             B. to make             C. waiting             D. looking

  60. A. fathers             B. mothers             C. sons                   D. daughters

  61. A. so                   B. but                  C. thus                   D. or

  62. A. more                   B. little             C. everything       D. nothing

  63. A. light                   B. heavy             C. no                   D. good

  64. A. nice                   B. fairly             C. continuously       D. endlessly

  65. A. husbands             B. others             C. men                   D. other women

  66. A. walk beside       B. move behind       C. go before       D. stand behind

  67. A. beside                  B. for                   C. behind             D. against

  68. A. opened             B. closed             C. open             D. close

  69. A. a different       B. the same             C. a higher             D. a high

  70. A. good                  B. free                   C. working             D. liberated

  71. A. able                   B. kind                   C. proud             D. fond

  72. A. her heart             B. herself             C. her position       D. her husband

  73. A. far                   B. farther             C. long                   D. distant

  74. A. some             B. all                   C. few                   D. many

  75. A. lives                   B. world             C. society             D. position

  Part V Translation (20%)

    Section A

  76. If they try hard to do something and fail, they may conclude that they will never be able to accomplish a task. (Passage 1)

  77. Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. (Passage 2)

  78. Governments in drought-spread countries are taking severe measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. (Passage 2)

  79. Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been burning garbage for years. (Passage 3)

  80. Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. (Passage 3)

  Section B

  81.今年他们建造的房子跟去年一样多。                  84.无论多么困难,我也不会失去信心。

  82.对不起,我忘了把你要的书带来了。                  85.物体离我们越远,看起来就越小。

  83.这项工作太难了,你干不了。

  答案

  1-5  ACADC            6-10 DADBB            10-15 BADCD

  16-25 CBBCD  CCAAD                  26-35 ACCBA  ADBCA                  36-45  DDBCA  DBCBD

  46-55 DCCAB  ABCDA

  56-65 ACDBC  BADBC            66-75 DABAD   CBADA

  76.如果他们试图做什么事,却没有做成,他们可能会得出这样的结论:他们永远也不能完成某一特定的任务。

  77. 法国北商运河河水的水位是如此之低,以至除周末外,船只禁止航行。

  78.在旱灾蔓延的国家,各级政府正在采取严厉的措施。法国遭受旱灾较重的地区的地方当局已禁止用水洗车和浇草坪。

  79.燃烧垃圾并非什么新想法。多年来,一些欧洲和美国的城市一直都在这么做。

  80.我们的矿物燃料供应有限。燃烧垃圾可能会提供一种有助于满足我们能源需求的能源。

  81. They have built as many houses this year as they did last year.

  82. I am sorry. I forgot to bring the book you want.

  83.  The work (job) is too difficult  for you to do.

  or  The work (job) it so difficult/hard that you cannot do it.

  84. No matter how difficult it is, I will never lose my faith.

  85. The farther an object (a body) is away from us, the smaller it looks.

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