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学位英语考试词汇语法预测题10

2016-01-14 14:41  网络 【 】【我要纠错

Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answerr that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. According to the American federal government, residents of Hawaii have the longest life__________.

A. scope

B. rank

C. span

D. scale

17. A season ticket __________the holder to make as many journeys as he wished within the stated period of time.

A. grants

B. promises

C. entitles

D. presents

18. Fruit is rich __________vitamins.

A. with

B. in

C. at

D. of

19. Purchasing the new production line will he a __________deal for the company.

A. profitable

B. tremendous

C. forceful

D. favorite

20. We hadn' t met for 20 years, but I recognized her __________I saw her.

A. for the moment

B. the moment when

C. at the moment when

D. the moment

21. Fifty years ago, wealthy people liked hunting wild animals for fun __________sightseeing.

A. than to go

B. rather than to go

C. more than going

D. other than going

22. The Prime Minister refused to comment on the rumor that he had planned to__________.

A. discharge

B. dismiss

C. resign

D. resume

23. She __________the temptation to buy a coat she could not afford.

A. challenged

B. obstructed

C. contradicted

D. resisted

24. I feel sure that__________ qualification, ability and experience, you are abundantly suited to the position we have in mind.

A. in case of

B. in terms of

C. in the opinion of

D. in the course of

25. Paper making in China__________ from there to North Africa and Europe.

A. sprang

B. spilled

C. carried

D. spread

26. They spent all their spare time __________their spare money, on their experiments.

A. as much as

B. as well as

C. as long as

D. as soon as

27. The story was said to have been based on the information from a reliable__________.

A. source

B. foundation

C. origin

D. basis

28. It seems very difficult__________.

A. to stop the child to cry

B. restraining the child to cry

C. to stop the child flora crying

D. holding the child' s crying

29. The purpose of this test is to measure students'__________to learn instead of their present achievements.

A. capacity

B. attitude

C. confidence

D. determination

30. The birth rate in a city__________ to fall as its gross domestic product (GDP) rises steadily,

A. estimates

B. anticipates

C. assumes

D. tends

31. He said there was nothing to be__________.

A. ashamed

B. ashamed in

C. ashamed of

D. ashamed at

32. Sometimes children have trouble __________fact from fiction and may believe that such things actually exist.

A. to separate

B. separating

C. for separating

D. of separating

33. Many a delegate was in favor of his proposal that a special committee __________to investigate the incident.

A. were set up

B. was set up

C. be set up

D. set up

34. Eye contact is important because wrong contact may create a communication__________.

A. tragedy

B. vacuum

C. question

D. barrier

35. There is noto the house from the main road.

A. access

B. avenue

C. exposure

D. edge

36. The __________ stuck on the envelope says "By Air".

A. diagram

B. label

C. signal

D. mark

37. My brother' s plans are very __________; he wants to master English, French and Spanish before he is sixteen.

A. arbitrary

B. aggressive

C. ambitious

D. abundant

38. Stressful environments lead to unhealthy such as poor eating habits, which __________increase the risk of heart disease.

A. in turn

B. in return

C. by chance

D. by turns

39. There was a good__________ of the countryside from the front of the bus.

A. sight

B. view

C. scene

D. scenery

40. This album is__________ as it was the only one ever signed by the President.

A. unusual

B. unique

C. rate

D. special

41. The book seems to have been, __________ from various books and articles.

A. pieced together

B. taken off

C. broken away

D. pulled out

42. You should have been more patient__________ that customer;I' m sure that selling him the watch was a possibility.

A. of

B. with

C. for

D. at

43. As early as 1647 Ohio made a decision that free, tax-supported schools must be established in every town__________ 50 households or more.

A. having

B. to have

C. to have had

D. having had

44. We love peace, yet we are not the kind of people to yield __________any military threat.

A. up

B. to

C. in

D. at

45. If tap water were as dangerous as some people think, __________would be getting sick.

A. a lot of more us

B. more a lot of us

C. a lot of us more

D. a lot more of us

答案:

16.C.本题考查名词辨析。life span“寿命”,固定搭配。scope“(活动)范围,机会,余地”;rank“等级,横列,阶级”;scale“刻度,衡量”。句意为:根据美国联邦政府的调查,夏威夷居民寿命最长。

17.C.本题考查动词辨析。entitle“给…权利(或资格)”;grant“同意,准予”;promise“允诺,答应”;present“呈现,介绍,引见”。句意为:持票人凭季票有权在规定期限内尽其所愿地旅游。

18.B.be rich in是固定搭配,“富含…”。句意为:水果富含维生素。

19.A.本题考查形容词辨析。profitable“有利可图的,可赚钱的”;ffemendous“极大的,巨大的”;forceful“有力的,有说服力的”;favorite“喜爱的”。句意为:购买新的生产线对于公司来说将是一笔有利可图的生意。

20.D.本题考查连词的用法。the moment…“一…就…”。the moment相当于一个连词的用法,所以不用再加任何词就可以引导句子。句意为:我们20年没见了,但我一见到她就认出了她。

21.C.本题考查并列结构的用法。本题中进行比较的是like的两个宾语,一个是hunting wildanimals,另一个是going sightseeing.more than…“比…多”;rather than“而不是”;0therthan“除了,不同于”。句意为:50年前,有钱人喜欢打猎的程度胜过旅游观光。

22.C.本题考查动词辨析。resign“辞职”;discharge“解雇,卸下,放出”(如用此词需要用被动语态,因discharge是vt.);dismiss“解散,下课,开除,解职”(如用该词也需用被动语态,因dismiss也是vt.);resume(vt.)“继续,重新开始,恢复”。句意为:总理拒绝针对他计划辞职的传言发表评论。。

23.D.本题考查动词辨析。resist“抵抗,反抗,忍得住”;challenge“挑战”;obstruct“阻隔,阻塞,遮断(道路、通道等)”;contradict“同…矛盾,同…抵触”。句意为:她抵抗住了一件她买不起的衣服的诱惑。

24.B.本题考查介词短语辨析。in terms of“就…而言”;in case of“以防”;in the opinion of“在某人看来”;in the course of“在…过程中”。句意为:我确信就资格、能力和经验而言,你非常适合我们心目中的这个职位。

25.D.本题考查动词辨析。spread“传播,散布”;spring“跳,跃”;spill“溢出,溅出”;carry“携带,运送”。句意为:中国的造纸业一直传播到北非和欧洲。

26.B.本题考查连词词组辨析。as well as“也,和,连同”;as much as“和…一样多”;as longas“只要,和…一样长”;as soon as“一…就…”。句意为:他们把所有的业余时间,连同所有额外的钱都花在实验上。

27.A.本题考查名词辨析。source“来源,水源,消息来源,原始资料”;foundation“基础,根本”;origin“由来,起因,出身”;basis“基础,基本,根据”。本句指信息(information)的来源,因此用source.句意为:据说这个故事建立在可靠消息来源的基础上。

28.C.本题考查句型结构和stop的用法。It is/seems difficult to do sth.常用句型,表示“做…是困难的”。stop sb.from doing sth.“阻止某人做某事”。句意为:要阻止这个孩子哭看来是困难的。

29.A.本题考查名词辨析。capacity“容量,才能,能力”;attitude“姿势,态度”;confidence“信心”;determination“决心”。句意为:这次测验的目的是测验学生的学习能力,而不是他们目前的成绩

30.D.本题考查动词辨析。tend“(常与to连用)有某种倾向;有…的趋势”;estimate“估计,估价,评估”;anticipate“预期,期望”;assume“假定,设想”。这四个词中只有tend能和to搭配,其余的都不行。句意为:随着国民生产总值稳定增长,城市的出生率有下降的趋势。

31.C.本题考查介词搭配。be ashamed of“为…感到羞耻”,固定搭配。句意为:他说没有让他耻辱的事。

32.B.本题考查固定搭配。have trouble(in)doing sth.“做某事有困难”。句意为:有时孩子们在分清故事和现实方面会有困难,相信故事中的事确实存在。

33.C.本题考查虚拟语气的用法。句子中proposal(提议,建议)之后跟了一个同位语从句,从句中应使用虚拟语气,其构成是should+动词原形,should可省。C就是省略了should的虚拟语气。还要注意committee和set up之间是被动关系,所以应用被动语态。句意为:许多代表都支持他有关建立专门委员会来调查此次事件的提议。

34.D.本题考查名词辨析。barrier“障碍,栅栏,屏障”;tragedy“悲剧,惨案”;vacuum“真空”;question“问题(需要回答的)”。句意为:眼神接触是重要的,因为错误的接触可能会造成交际障碍。

35.A.本题考查名词辨析。access“进入,通道”,经常和to搭配,表示到…的通路,there is no access to…“没有通向…的路”;avenue“林荫路,道路,(通往乡村住宅两旁栽树的)小路”;exposure“暴露,揭露,暴光”;edge“边缘”。句意为:从主路没有通向那所房子的路。

36.B.本题考查名词辨析。label“标签,签条,商标,标志”;diagram“图表”;signal“信号”;mark“分数,痕迹,记号”。句意为:贴在信封上的标签上写着“航空信件”。

37.C.本题考查形容词辨析。ambitious“有雄心的,野心勃勃的”;arbitrary“任意的,武断的,独裁的,专断的”;aggressive“侵略性的,攻击性的”;abundant“丰富的,充裕的”。句意为:我弟弟的计划充满了雄心壮志:他想在16岁前掌握英语、法语和西班牙语。

38.A.本题考查介词短语辨析。in tum“依次,轮流,反过来”;in retum“作为报答”;by chance“偶然,意外地”;by turns“轮流,交替”。句意为:压力大的环境导致不健康的饮食习惯,而不健康的饮食习惯又增加了犯心脏病的危险。

39.B.本题考查名词辨析。view“观察,观看”,如get a good view of“可以很好地观看…”;sight“视力,视觉”;scene“现场,场面,情景”;scenery“风景,景色”。句意为:从汽车前面可以很好地看到乡村景色。

40.B本题考查形容词辨析。unique“惟一的,独一无二的”;unusual“与众不同的,不寻常的”;rare“稀有的”;special“特殊的,专门的”。从下半句中的“the only one”可推断出应选unique.句意为:这本相册是独一无二的,因为这是惟一一本有总统的签名。

41.A.本题考查动词短语辨析。piece together“拼凑”;take off“从…上取下…,脱掉,起飞”;break away“突然离开,脱离,放弃”;pull out“拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康”。句意为:这本书好像是由几本不同的书和文章拼凑到一起的。

42.B.本题考查介词搭配。be patient with“对…有耐心”。句意为:你应该对那位顾客态度好一点才对,他本可能会买那块表的。

43.A.本题考查非谓语动词的用法。现在分词短语having 50 households or more做town的定语,因为town和have之间是主动关系。不定式做定语在时间上一般表示将来,所以不能选不定式。句意为:早在1647年,俄亥俄州就做出决定,每个拥有50或50个以上家庭的城镇都应该建立免费的公立学校。

44.B.本题考查介词搭配。yield to“屈服于”。句意为:我们热爱和平,然而我们不是那种可以屈服于任何军事威胁的人。

45.D.本题考查比较级的用法。a lot more of US(我们当中更多得多的人),a lot在该结构中是程度副词。句意为:如果自来水真的像有些人想得那样危险,那么我们当中就会有更多的人生病。

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