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成人学士学位英语考试复习指导8

2016-11-21 10:31  网络 【 】【我要纠错

第八部分 名词性从句

一、要点

宾语从句

主语从句

同位语从句

表语从句

连接词 词义 在从句中充当的成分 可否省略
that 不充当成分 只有在宾语从句中可以省略
if\whether
(if只能引导动词的宾语从句)
是否 不充当成分 不可省略
连接代词
who
whom
what
which
whose
疑问


什么
哪一个
谁的

主、宾、表
宾、表
主、宾、表、定
定语
定语


不可省略

 
连接副词
when
where
why
how
疑问
何时
何地
何原因
何方式


状语

 


不可省略
 根据划线位置来判断从句类型:

宾语从句 及物动词_______

介词 _______

主语从句 _句首_______

同位语从句 标志词(名词)_______

表语从句 系动词 _______

二、选项多个单词

(一)解题步骤:

1、排除没有陈述的选项(名词性从句要用陈述语序)

2、看从句是否缺少成分

(二)三级真题汇编

1、How long do you think _______ to finish this urgent task?

A. did it take you B. it will take you

C. will it take you D. it to take you

2、Can you tell me _______ about the city that makes people love it so much?

A. it is what B. what it is C. what is it D. is it what

3、_______ was not the way the event happened.

A. Which the press reported B. That the press reported

C. What did the press report D. What the press reported

4、We were not surprised at _______, for he had worked so hard.

A. what has he achieved B. that what he had achieved

C. what he had achieved D. that he had achieved

5、Anne asked Tom _______ the key.

A. when he left B. where he had left

C. how had he left D. why did he leave

6、 _______ was unimportant.

A. Whether he enjoyed our dinner or not B. No matter how he enjoyed our dinner

C. If he enjoyed our dinner D. What he enjoyed our dinner

7、I must tell you how _______ a letter from you.

A. pleased I was to receive B. pleased I was to receiving

C. was I pleased to receive D. pleased I was to have received

(三)其他真题选编

1、Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _______.

A. who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is

2、These shoes look very good. I wonder _______.

A. how much cost they are B. how much do they cost

C. how much they cost D. how much are they cost

3、These photographs will show you _______.

A. what does our villages look like B. what our villages looks like

C. how does our villages look like D. how our villages looks like

4、Can you make sure _______ the gold ring?

A. where Alice had put B. where had Alice put

C. where Alice has put D. where has A lice put

三、选项一个单词

(一)从句缺少主要成分

主语从句(横线划在句首)

三级真题汇编

从句缺主语

1、_______ seems easy in theory seems difficult in practice.

A. That B. With C. What D. It

2、_______makes men different from the other animals is that they can think and speak.

A. That B. The thing C. All D. What

3、_______ was once regarded as impossible has now become a reality.

A. What B. That C. Which D. As

4、Air, or _______ is called atmosphere, surrounds the whole earth.

A. it B. that C. which D. what

5、After the fire, _______ would otherwise be a cultural center is now reduced to a pile of ashes.

A. that B. it C. which D. what

6、______is known to us all is that the 2012 Olympic Games will be held in London.

A. It B. What C. As D. Which

从句缺宾语

1、_______ I saw was two men crossing the street.

A. What B. Whom C. Who D. That

2、_______ he says or does won’t make me change my mind at all.

A. Whatever B However C. Which D. How

其他真题选编

1、_______ caused the accident is still a complete mystery.

A. What B. That C. How D. where

2、_______ has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising.

A. Who B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever

3、_______ matters most in learning English is enough practice.

A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which

4、_______ makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services.

A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever

5、In some countries, _______ is called "equality" does not really mean equal rights for all people.

A. which B. what C. that D. one

6、_______ parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children.

A. That B. Which C. What D. As

7、 _______ he referred to in his article was unknown to the general reader.

A. That B. What C. Whether D. Where

8、_______ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present

A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter

宾语从句

三级真题汇编

从句缺主语

1、The old gentleman never fails to help _______ is in need of his help.

A. whom B. who C. whoever D. whomever

2、History is the story of _______ happened to the people before today.

A. whichever B. whomever C. whatever D. wherever

3、Give the books to _______ needs them for the English class and the writing class.

A. whomever B. whom C. who D. whoever

4、A modern city has been set up in _______ was a wasteland ten years ago .

A. what B. which C. that D. where

5、He failed to live up to __________had been expected of him.

A. what B. which C. that D. all

从句缺宾语

1、Thinking that you know _______ in fact you don't is not a good idea.

A. what B. that C. when D. which

2、In fact he had done_______ he could do to help the poor.

A. what B. which C. as D. all which

3、These wild flowers are so special that I would do _______ I can to save them.

A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever

其他真题选编

1、It was a matter of _______ would take the position.

A. who B. Whoever C. Whom D. Whomever

2、Could I speak to _______ is in charge of International Sales, please?

A.anyone B.someone C.whoever D.no matter who

3、We agreed to accept _______ they thought was the best tourist guide.

A. whatever B. whomever C. whichever D. whoever

4、The shopkeeper did not want to sell for _______ he thought was not enough.

A. where B. how C. what D. which

5、He spoke proudly of his part in the game, without mentioning _______ his teammates had done.

A. what B. which C. why D. while

6、Little Tommy was reluctant to tell the schoolmaster _______ he had done the day before.

A. that B. how C. where D. what

7、A computer can only do _______ you have instructed it to do.

A. how B. after C. what D. when

8、These wild flowers are so special I would do _______ I can to save them.

A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever

9、It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______he or she wants.

A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

10、Choosing the right dictionary depends on _______ you want to use it for.

A. what B. why C. how D. whether

11、I think Father would like to know _______ I've been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note.

A. which B. why C. what D. how

12、The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make _______ it is.

A. what B. which C. how D. where

表语从句

三级真题汇编

1、Isn’t that _______ they call peace and friendship?

A. which B. this C. what D. where

其他真题汇编

2、See the flags on top of the building? That was _______ we did this morning.

A. when B. which C. where D. what

(二)从句不缺少主要成分

三级真题汇编

1、_______ you don’t know the rule won’t be a sufficient excuse for your failure.

A. It is B. That C. Because D. What

2、They did not discover until later_______ the car had been destroyed.

A. as B. than C. which D. that

3、No one doubts _______ it is true.

A. whether B. if C. that D. what

4、There is no doubt _______ you will pass the exam this time. You have worked so hard in the past months.

A. whether B. that C. if D. what

5、I know Jonathan quite well and never doubt _______ he can do a good job of it.

A. whether B. that C. when D. what

其他真题选编

1、_______ fashion differs from country to country may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect.

A. What B. That C .This D .Which

2、With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased _______ he was a man of action.

A. which B. that C. what D. whether

3、One advantage of playing the guitar is _______ it can give you a great deal of pleasure.

A. how B. why C. that D. when

4、What the doctors really doubt is _______ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.

A when B. how C. whether D. why

四、同位语从句

(一)解题要点:

1、找到标志词(抽象名词belief、doubt、evidence、fact、feeling、hope、idea、information、news、possibility、principle 、problem、promise、proof、question、remark、reply、report、sign、story、thought)

2、选出 that

(二)三级真题汇编

1、She believes in the principle _______ to love is to give, not to take.

A. how B. which C. that D. what

2、The fact _______ he does so in so short period of time challenges explanation.

A. why B. that C. what D. which

3、Evidence came up _______ specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as 6 months old.

A. where B. that C. which D. what

3、Would the news _______he failed to pass the exam bother you?

A. which B. that C. of which D. on which

4、The news quickly spread through the village _______ the war had ended.

A. which B. what C. that D. where

5、The fact came up _______ specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as 6 months old.

A. what B. which C. that D. whose

(三)其他真题选编

1、Information has been put forward _______ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities.

A. while B. that C. when D. as

2、There’s a feeling in me _______ we’ll never know what a UFO is — not ever.

A. that B. which C. of which D. what

3、There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars _______ road conditions need _______ .

A. that.., to be improved B. which.., to be improved

C. where.., improving D. when.., improving

4、A story goes _______ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more that being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court.

A. when B. where C. what D. that

5、Along with the letter was his promise _______ he would visit me this coming Christmas.

A. which B. that C. what D. whether

6、Doris' success lies in the fact _______ she is co-operative and eager to learn from others.

A. which B. that C. when D. why

7、The mere fact _______ most people believe nuclear war would be madness does not mean that it will not occur.

A. that B. which C. what D. why

8、There are signs _______ restaurants are becoming more popular with families.

A. that B. which C. in which D. whose

9、A warm thought suddenly came to me _______ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother's birthday.

A. if B. when C. that D. which

第八部分 名词性从句

二、选项多个单词

(二)三级真题汇编

答案:BBDCB AA

(三)其他真题选编

答案:DCBA

三、选项一个单词

(一)从句缺少主要成分

主语从句(横线划在句首)

三级真题汇编

从句缺主语

答案:CDADD B

从句缺宾语

答案:AA

其他真题选编

答案:ADAAB CBA

宾语从句

三级真题汇编

从句缺主语

答案:CCDAA

从句缺宾语

答案:AAA

其他真题选编

答案:ACDCA DCABA CA

表语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:C

其他真题汇编

答案:D

(二)从句不缺少主要成分

三级真题汇编

答案:BDCBB

其他真题选编

答案:BBCC

四、同位语从句

(二)三级真题汇编

答案:CBBBC

(三)其他真题选编

答案:BAADB BAAC

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